Linear Programming, mathematical and operations_research technique, used in administrative and economic planning to maximize the linear functions of a large number of variables, subject to certain constraints. The development of high_speed electronic computers and data_processing techniques has brought about many recent advances in linear programming, and the technique is now widely used in industrial and military operations. Linear programming is basically used to find a set of values, chosen from a prescribed set of numbers, that will maximize or minimize a given polynomial form and this is illustrated by the finished; the manufacturer knows that as many articles as are produced can be sold.
In the last years some organizations have emerged with the aim of creating professional communities around specific disciplines such as Software Development (SEI, ESI, etc...), Project Management (PMI), Business Process Management (BPMI), IT Service Management (ITSMF), etc... One of the objectives of these groups is to develop a body of knowledge that compiles the discipline';s best practices in the form of reference frameworks, methodologies and maturity models. These assets should be considered by any organization interested in knowledge process management.