They are more difficult to implement through discipline than administrative human_centric processes (although some discipline is needed). It is better to focus on obtaining buy_in from the people affected by the processes through early involvement, communication and expectations management. It is a known fact that knowledge workers are reluctant to change their habits. Some say knowledge workers don';t like following procedures because they feel it limits their creativity; but most of the time they will be happy to follow a procedure as long as they see value in it, perceiving that it helps them work better and produce a better process output.
Define the starting point of the process of project. This is the first step that starts of the process. For example, the first step could be project planning or research. Write down the starting point and the end result. Both of these should be in boxes with some space in between them. Adjust this space according to the number of steps and sub_steps involved in the process. Draw an arrow from the starting point to the end result. Along this arrow, list the various steps in order that are needed to go from the starting point to the end result. Include any sub_steps as needed.