Initially, the basic rice cultivation process requires the complete preparation for the technological projects and the set_up of the milling plant. Many layouts, specifications, selection of appropriate milling equipments and units are planned for the efficient running of the milling industry. Further the assessment reports are also prepared keeping in mind the benefits with the selection of experienced personnel. There are different types of methods used in the rice milling industries. In the earlier days, conventional methods were used for paddy processing using the steel hullers and the rice processing process mentioned in the above flowchart was carried out manually.
For the production of rice, the energy consuming equipments used include blowers, elevators, motors, boilers and steam distribution and many more. The efficiency of the product (rice) depends on the utilities maintained by the rice production mills such as electricity, air, water, labour, etc. Many of the rice plants in India and also in the different parts of the world adhere to several procedures for rice processing such as drying of rice, cleaning of rice, milling, whitening, polishing, grading, blending, sorting and packaging. There are different types of sorters and separators used for the rice to be free from any type of dust, fungal infections, plastic granules, unwanted grain, etc.